Now showing items 1-10 of 25
Extremal words in morphic subshifts
Given an infinite word x over an alphabet A, a letter b occurring in x, and a total order \sigma on A, we call the smallest word with respect to \sigma starting with b in the shift orbit closure of x an extremal word of ...
Binary Words Avoiding xxRx and Strongly Unimodal Sequences
In previous work, Currie and Rampersad showed that the growth of the number of binary words avoiding the pattern xxxR was intermediate between polynomial and exponential. We now show that the same result holds for the ...
Dejean's conjecture holds for n ≥ 27
(EDP Sciences, 2009)
We show that Dejean’s conjecture holds for n ≥ 27. This brings the final resolution of the conjecture by the approach of Moulin Ollagnier within range of the computationally feasible.
Shuffling and unshuffling
(Bulletin of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science, 2012)
We consider various shuffling and unshuffling operations on languages and words, and examine their closure properties. Although the main goal is to provide some good and novel exercises and examples for undergraduate formal ...
Avoiding approximate repetitions with respect to the longest common subsequence distance
(Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 2015-09-17)
Ochem, Rampersad, and Shallit gave various examples of infinite words avoiding what they called approximate repetitions. An approximate repetition is a factor of the form x x', where x and x' are close to being identical. ...
Abelian complexity of fixed point of morphism 0 ↦ 012, 1 ↦ 02, 2 ↦ 1
We study the combinatorics of vtm, a variant of the Thue-Morse word generated by the non-uniform morphism 0 ↦ 012, 1 ↦ 02, 2 ↦ 1 starting with 0. This infinite ternary sequence appears a lot in the literature and finds ...
Multi-dimensional sets recognizable in all abstract numeration systems
(EDP Sciences, 2011)
We prove that the subsets of Nd that are S-recognizable for all abstract numeration systems S are exactly the 1-recognizable sets. This generalizes a result of Lecomte and Rigo in the one-dimensional setting.
For each a > 2 there is an Infinite Binary Word with Critical Exponent a
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2008-08-31)
The critical exponent of an infinite word w is the supremum of all rational numbers α such that w contains an α-power. We resolve an open question of Krieger and Shallit by showing that for each α>2 there is an infinite ...
A family of formulas with reversal of high avoidability index
(World Scientific, 2017)
We present an infinite family of formulas with reversal whose avoidability index is bounded between 4 and 5, and we show that several members of the family have avoidability index 5. This family is particularly interesting ...
On avoidability of formulas with reversal
(EDP Sciences, 2018-02-13)
While a characterization of unavoidable formulas (without reversal) is well-known, little is known about the avoidability of formulas with reversal in general. In this article, we characterize the unavoidable formulas ...