Further applications of a power series method for pattern avoidance
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N. Rampersad, “Further applications of a power series method for pattern avoidance”, Electron. J. Combinatorics. 18(1) (2011), #P134.
In combinatorics on words, a word w over an alphabet ∑ is said to avoid a pattern p over an alphabet ∆ if there is no factor x of w and no non-erasing morphism h from ∆* to ∑* such that h(p) = x. Bell and Goh have recently applied an algebraic technique due to Golod to show that for a certain wide class of patterns p there are exponentially many words of length n over a 4-letter alphabet that avoid p. We consider some further consequences of their work. In particular, we show that any pattern with k variables of length at least 4k is avoidable on the binary alphabet. This improves an earlier bound due to Cassaigne and Roth.