Browsing Narad Rampersad by Issue Date
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Squares and overlaps in the ThueMorse sequence and some variants
(EDP Sciences, 2006)We consider the position and number of occurrences of squares in the ThueMorse sequence, and show that the corresponding sequences are 2regular. We also prove that changing any finite but nonzero number of bits in the ... 
Binary Words Containing Infinitely Many Overlaps
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 20060922)We characterize the squares occurring in infinite overlapfree binary words and construct various α powerfree binary words containing infinitely many overlaps. 
OverlapFree Words and Generalizations
(University of WinnipegUniversity of Waterloo, 2007)The study of combinatorics on words dates back at least to the beginning of the 20th century and the work of Axel Thue. Thue was the first to give an example of an infinite word over a three letter alphabet that contains ... 
For each a > 2 there is an Infinite Binary Word with Critical Exponent a
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 20080831)The critical exponent of an infinite word w is the supremum of all rational numbers α such that w contains an αpower. We resolve an open question of Krieger and Shallit by showing that for each α>2 there is an infinite ... 
Least Periods of Factors of Infinite Words
(EDP Sciences, 2009)We show that any positive integer is the least period of a factor of the ThueMorse word. We also characterize the set of least periods of factors of a Sturmian word. In particular, the corresponding set for the Fibonacci ... 
Dejean's conjecture holds for n ≥ 27
(EDP Sciences, 2009)We show that Dejean’s conjecture holds for n ≥ 27. This brings the final resolution of the conjecture by the approach of Moulin Ollagnier within range of the computationally feasible. 
Infinite words containing squares at every position
(EDP Sciences, 2010)Richomme asked the following question: what is the infimum of the real numbers α > 2 such that there exists an infinite word that avoids αpowers but contains arbitrarily large squares beginning at every position? We resolve ... 
Multidimensional sets recognizable in all abstract numeration systems
(EDP Sciences, 2011)We prove that the subsets of Nd that are Srecognizable for all abstract numeration systems S are exactly the 1recognizable sets. This generalizes a result of Lecomte and Rigo in the onedimensional setting. 
Further applications of a power series method for pattern avoidance
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 20110621)In combinatorics on words, a word w over an alphabet ∑ is said to avoid a pattern p over an alphabet ∆ if there is no factor x of w and no nonerasing morphism h from ∆* to ∑* such that h(p) = x. Bell and Goh have recently ... 
The minimal automaton recognizing mN in a linear numeration system
(Integers, 20111202)We study the structure of automata accepting the greedy representations of N in a wide class of numeration systems. We describe the conditions under which such automata can have more than one strongly connected component ... 
Shuffling and unshuffling
(Bulletin of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science, 2012)We consider various shuffling and unshuffling operations on languages and words, and examine their closure properties. Although the main goal is to provide some good and novel exercises and examples for undergraduate formal ... 
Automaticity of Primitive Words and Irreducible Polynomials
(Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science, 2013)If L is a language, the automaticity function AL(n) (resp. NL(n)) of L counts the number of states of a smallest deterministic (resp. nondeterministic) finite automaton that accepts a language that agrees with L on all ... 
Abelian complexity of fixed point of morphism 0 ↦ 012, 1 ↦ 02, 2 ↦ 1
(Integers, 20140220)We study the combinatorics of vtm, a variant of the ThueMorse word generated by the nonuniform morphism 0 ↦ 012, 1 ↦ 02, 2 ↦ 1 starting with 0. This infinite ternary sequence appears a lot in the literature and finds ... 
Cubefree words with many squares
(Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science, 20140513)We construct infinite cubefree binary words containing exponentially many distinct squares of length n . We also show that for every positive integer n , there is a cubefree binary square of length 2n. 
Suffix conjugates for a class of morphic subshifts
(Cambridge University Press, 201509)Let A be a finite alphabet and f: A^* > A^* be a morphism with an iterative fixed point f^\omega(\alpha), where \alpha{} is in A. Consider the subshift (X, T), where X is the shift orbit closure of f^\omega(\alpha) and ... 
Avoiding approximate repetitions with respect to the longest common subsequence distance
(Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 20150917)Ochem, Rampersad, and Shallit gave various examples of infinite words avoiding what they called approximate repetitions. An approximate repetition is a factor of the form x x', where x and x' are close to being identical. ... 
Words with many palindrome pair factors
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 20151030)Motivated by a conjecture of Frid, Puzynina, and Zamboni, we investigate infinite words with the property that for infinitely many n, every lengthn factor is a product of two palindromes. We show that every Sturmian word ... 
A family of formulas with reversal of high avoidability index
(World Scientific, 2017)We present an infinite family of formulas with reversal whose avoidability index is bounded between 4 and 5, and we show that several members of the family have avoidability index 5. This family is particularly interesting ... 
On avoidability of formulas with reversal
(EDP Sciences, 20180213)While a characterization of unavoidable formulas (without reversal) is wellknown, little is known about the avoidability of formulas with reversal in general. In this article, we characterize the unavoidable formulas ... 
Cyclic Complexity of Some Infinite Words and Generalizations
(Integers, 201803)Cassaigne et al. introduced the cyclic complexity function c_x(n), which gives the number of cyclic conjugacy classes of lengthn factors of a word x. We study the behavior of this function for the Fibonacci word f and the ...